Birding in Taiwan



Birds in Taiwan

Endemic Species

Collared Bush-Robin


Formosan Magpie

Formosan Whistling-Thrush

Mikado Pheasant

Steere's Liocichla

Styan's Bulbul

Swinhoe's Pheasant

Taiwan Barwing

Taiwan Bush-Warbler

Taiwan Partridge

Taiwan Yuhina

White-eared Sibia

White-whiskered Laughingthrush

Yellow Tit


Possible Future Full Species


Endemic Sub-Species

Alpine Accentor

Barred Buttonquail


Black Bulbul

Black Drongo

Black-browed Barbet

Black Kite

Black-naped Monarch

Bronzed Drongo

Brown Bullfinch

Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler

Brown-eared Bulbul

Chinese Bamboo-Partridge

Collared Finchbill

Collared Scops-Owl

Collared Owlet

Coal Tit

Crested Goshawk

Crested Myna

Crested Serpent-Eagle

Dusky Fulvetta

Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Nutcracker

Gray Treepie

Gray-cheeked Fulvetta

 Gray-headed Bullfinch

Green-backed Tit

House Swift


Island Thrush

Kentish (Snowy) Plover

Lanyu’ Scops-Owl

Little Ringed Plover

Maroon Oriole

Mountain Scops-Owl

Oriental Skylark

Oriental Turtle-Dove

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Plain Prinia

Plumbeous Redstart

Pygmy Wren-Babbler

Ring-necked Pheasant

Rufous-capped Babbler

 Rusty Laughingthrush

Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler

Streak-throated Fulvetta

Striated Prinia

Varied Tit

Vinaceous Rosefinch

Vinous-throated Parrotbill

Whistling Green-Pigeon

White-bellied Green-Pigeon

White-browed Bush-Robin

White-browed Shortwing

White-tailed Robin

White-throated Laughingthrush

Winter Wren

Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler


More Birds in Taiwan

Black-crowned Night Heron

Black-faced Spoonbill

Black-naped Oriole

Black-throated Tit

Black-winged Stilt

Brown-headed Thrush

Cattle Egret

Chinese Crested Tern

Chinese Goshawk

Cinnamon Bittern

Common Kingfisher

Common Kestrel

Common Moorhen

Common Snipe

Daurian Redstart

Eastern Marsh Harrier

Eurasian Wigeon

Eurasian Teal

Fairy Pitta

Fork-tailed or Pacific Swift


Gray-chinned Minivet

Gray-faced Buzzard

Gray Heron

Great Cormorant

Great Egret

Greater Painted-Snipe

Ijima’s Leaf-Warbler

Intermediate Egret

Japanese White-eye

Lesser Coucal

Little Egret

Little Forktail

Little Grebe

Malayan Night-heron

Northern Pintail

Northern Shoveler


Pacific Golden-Plover

Pale Thrush

Peregrine Falcon

Red Collared-Dove

Russet Sparrow

Spot-billed Duck

Spotted Dove

Tufted Duck

White-breasted Waterhen

Yellow Bittern



Black-winged Stilt

Himantopus himantopus


The Black-winged Stilt is a large (35-40 cm) and conspicuous wading bird with thin black bill, black wings, white body and long, thin red legs.  Males have a dark patch on the head, which extends down the back of the neck during breeding season, while females have a less extensive cap.  Immature birds have greyish-brown wings.  Black-winged Stilts feed on a variety of invertebrates and small vertebrates, including aquatic insects, crustaceans, mollusks, worms, tadpoles and spiders.  They frequent ponds, marshes, salt pans and rice paddies, where their long legs allow them to reach food in places which are not accessible to  smaller wading birds.  Black-winged Stilts are often seen in flocks of 10-20, and are also seen in mixed flocks with other shorebirds.

The Black-winged Stilt is a common winter visitor to Taiwan, especially in the south, and in summer some are found breeding in southern wetlands such as Ssutsao, Tainan.  The nest of grasses and sedges is placed on the ground, and the female usually lays four eggs, which are incubated by both parents.  Black-winged Stilts often nest in small colonies.  After hatching, the chicks are mobile and usually leave the nest the same day or the next day.  Black-winged Stilts make ringing, piping calls and can be quite noisy, especially on their breeding grounds.



References:  The Complete Guide to Birds in Taiwan (Jin-yuan Wang);  Handbook of Birds of the World Vol. 3