ANNOTATED SPECIES LIST, Taiwan, November 7 16, 2005
Birding in Taiwan Leaders: Simon Liao, Ten-Di Wu and Jo Ann MacKenzie
Taxonomy, names and sequence follow Birds of the World, a Checklist, 5th edition, 2000, by James F. Clements, updated to July, 2005. Where the name in Clements differs from that in Birds of Taiwan, 1991, the Clements name is given first, followed by the Birds of Taiwan name in brackets. Species endemic to Taiwan are shown in bold all caps. Some birds were not seen by every person. Birds that were heard only or leader only, are indicated.
Shan, pronounced sahn, = mountain; tan = lake.
For itinerary, see TRIP REPORT: BIRDING IN TAIWAN, November 716, 2005.
Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis [Podiceps ruficollis] many in wetland habitats Aougo; Hambao, Tsengwen River estuary; Kwangtien jacana reserve.
Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo many in appropriate habitat.
Herons, Egrets and Bitterns
Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea many in freshwater habitat.
Great Egret, Ardea alba [Egretta alba] common in freshwater habitat.
Intermediate Egret, Egretta intermedia fairly common in freshwater habitat.
Little Egret, Egretta garzetta Abundant in both freshwater and saltwater habitats.
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2, Huatan, Changhua County.
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis several in lowland habitat.
Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax associated with freshwater habitats; abundant at Puzih River.
Malayan Night-Heron [Tiger Bittern], Gorsachius melanolophus 1, Wufeng area; 1, Chung Pu; 5, Taipei Botanical Gardens.
Yellow Bittern [Chinese Little Bittern], Ixobrychus sinensis 1, Yenshui River area; 2, Aougo Wetland.
Cinnamon Bittern, Ixobrychus cinnamomeus 1, Hambao; 1, Aougu Wetland; 1, Tsengwen River estuary.
Ibises and Spoonbills
Black-faced Spoonbill, Platalea minor 9, Aougo wetland; 393 (official count on that day, Nov. 13), Tsengwen River estuary. Globally threatened.
Ducks, Geese and Swans
Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope many in wetland habitats.
Gadwall, Anas strepera 2, Aougo Wetland.
Eurasian Teal [Green-winged Teal], Anas crecca many in wetland habitat.
Spot-billed Duck, Anas poecilorhyncha zonorhyncha 20, Aougo Wetland.
Northern Pintail [Pintail], Anas acuta 50, Aougo Wetland; Tsengwen River estuary.
Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata Many in wetland habitat.
Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula 25, Aougo Wetland.
Osprey, Pandion haliaetus 2, Aougo Wetland.
Hawks, Eagles and Kites
Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus caeruleus 1, Hambao.
Oriental Honey-Buzzard [Honey Buzzard], Pernis ptilorhynchus [Pernis apivorus] 1, Huisun Forest Station; 1 enroute to Aowanda.
Crested Serpent-Eagle, Spilornis cheela 1, Wufeng area; 1, Aougo wetland.
Eastern Marsh Harrier [Marsh Harrier], Circus spilonotus [Circus aeruginosus] 1, Aougo Wetland.
Crested Goshawk, Accipiter trivirgatus 1, Huisun Forest Station; 1, on way to Aowanda; 1 A Li Shan.
Japanese Sparrowhawk [Japanese Lesser Sparrow Hawk], Accipiter gularis 1, Wufeng area; 1, Huisun Forest Station; 1, Blue Gate Trail #1.
Black Eagle [Indian Black Eagle], Ictinaetus malayensis 2, A Li Shan National Scenic Area.
Falcons and Caracaras
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Seen on 5 out of 9 days; total 7 birds.
Pheasants and Partridges
TAIWAN PARTRIDGE [TAIWAN HILL PARTRIDGE], Arborophila crudigularis 1 seen by 1 Leader, Aowanda Forest Recreation Area; 1 heard only, Ruiyan River Trail (Blue Gate Trail #2), Meifeng area.
Chinese Bamboo-Partridge [Bamboo Partridge], Bambusicola thoracica Heard only, Huisun and Meifeng.
SWINHOES PHEASANT, Lophura swinhoii 1 Huisun Forest Station, Nov. 8; a male was heard calling at Huisun early on the morning of Nov. 9; 4, Beidongyan Shan; 3, Blue Gate Trail #1.
Rails, Gallinues and Coots
White-breasted Waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus 2, Tsengwen River estuary.
Ruddy-breasted Crake, Porzana fusca 1, Tsenweng River Estuary.
Common Moorhen [Moorhen], Gallinula chloropus Common in marsh habitat.
Eurasian Coot [Coot], Fulica atra small numbers in suitable habitat.
Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus 6, Pheasant-tailed Jacana Restoration Area, Kwangtien, Tainan County. Very rare resident.
Greater Painted-Snipe, Rostratula benghalensis 15, Huatan fields.
Stilts and Avocets
Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus many at Aougo Wetland and Tsengwen River.
Plovers and Lapwings
Northern Lapwing, Vanellus vanellus 2, Hambao Wetland.
Pacific Golden-Plover [American Golden Plover], Pluvialis fulva [Pluvialis dominica] Many in mudflats of Aougo and Tsengwen River estuary.
Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola 2, Yenshui River.
Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius Many in appropriate mudflat habitat..
Snowy Plover [Kentish Plover], Charadrius alexandrinus many at Hambao and Aougo Wetland.
Lesser Sandplover [Mongolian Plover], Charadrius mongolus 3, Tsengwen River estuary.
Sandpipers and Allies
Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago 15, Aougo Wetland; 20, Tsengwen River estuary.
Asian Dowitcher, Limnodromus semipalmatus 2, Yenshui River. Rare.
Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa 60, Yenshui River.
Bar-tailed Godwit, Limosa lapponica 27, Tsengwen River.
Eurasian Curlew, Numenius arquata 5, Tsengwen River.
Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus 1, Yenshui River.
Common Redshank, Tringa totanus 2, Aougo Wetland; many, Tsengwen River.
Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis 1, Hambao; 4, Aougo Wetland; 50 Tsengwen River.
Common Greenshank [Greenshank], Tringa nebularia 1, Hambao; 6, Aougo Wetland; many, Tsengwen River.
Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus 1, Kwangtien jacana reserve.
Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola many in appropriate habitat.
Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos [Tringa hypoleucos] 1, Hambao; 5, Auogo Wetland; 10, Tsengwen River; 2, Chukuo village, Chaiyi County.
Great Knot, Calidris tenuirostris 1, Yenshui River.
Red-necked Stint [Rufous-necked Stint], Calidris rufficollis 6, Tsengwen River.
Long-toed Stint, Calidris subminuta 200, Hambao.
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminate 80, Hambao; 2, Aougo; 3, Tsengwen River.
Dunlin, Calidris alpina hundreds, Aougo Wetland, Tsengwen River.
Black-headed Gull, Larus ridibundus 1, Auogo Wetland; 2 Tsengwen River.
Saunders Gull, Larus saundersi 1, Tsengwen River.
Caspian Tern, Sterna caspia 40, Tsengwen River estuary.
Pigeons and Doves
Rock Pigeon [Rock Dove], Columba livia many in varied habitats.
Ashy Wood-Pigeon, Columba pulchricollis small numbers in mountain habitat.
Oriental Turtle-Dove [Rufous Turtle-Dove], Streptopelia orientalis 1, on the way to A Li Shan.
Red Collared-Dove [Red Turtle Dove], Streptopelia tranquebarica seen almost every day, in various habitats.
Spotted Dove, Streptopelia chinensis common in lowlands.
Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica 1, by single observer, Huisun Forest Station.
White-bellied Pigeon [Japanese Green Pigeon], Treron sieboldii [Sphenurus sieboldi] 1, Huisun Forest Station; 22 on 2 days, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
Lesser Coucal, Centropus bengalensis 2, Aougo Wetland.
Mountain Scops-Owl [Scops Owl], Otus spilocephalus 1, Huisun Forest Station, after dark; heard only.
Collared Owlet [Collared Pygmy Owlet], Claucidium brodiei 1, Huisun Forest Station, after dark; heard only.
Northern Boobook [Brown Hwk-Owl], Ninox japonica [Ninox scutulata] 1, Huisun Forest Station, at dawn; heard only.
House Swift, Apus nipalensis [Alpus affinis] large numbers in open areas.
Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis Several in wetland habitats.
Dollarbird [Broad-billed Roller], Eurystomus orientalis 1, Yufeng area; 1, on the way to Huisun Forest Station.
Black-browed Barbet [Mullers Barbet], Megalaima oorti Daily, Huisun Forest Station to Meifeng; 4, A LI Shan.
Gray-capped Woodpecker [Gray-headed Pygmy Woodpecker], Dendrocopos canicapillus 1, Huisun Forest Station; 3, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 4 A Li Shan.
White-backed Woodpecker, Dendrocopos leucotos 2, Huisun Forest Station.
Oriental Skylark, Alauda gulgula 1, Kwantien; 5, Anping Harbor area, Tainan; 1 at highway rest area on the way from A Li Shan to Taipei, Nov. 15.
Plain Martin [Brown-throated Sand Martin], Riparia paludicola several at low elevation.
Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica common in lowlands.
Pacific Swallow, Hirundo tahitica very common in lowlands.
Striated Swallow, Hirundo striolata common in lowlands. (See footnote 1.)
Wagtails and Pipits
White Wagtail, Motacilla alba 1, on the way to Huisun Forest Station
Black-backed Wagtail, Motacilla lugens 2, Tonglin village area, Yufeng; 2, Chung Pu area; 1, Chukuo area, Chiayi County.
Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla flava Abundant at Hambao and Huatan.
(N.B: It is possible that some may have been Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla tschutschensi, but gray-and-white first winter birds are not identifiable as to species.)
Gray Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea 1, Huisun Forest Station; others in appropriate lower elevation habitat.
Richards Pipit, Anthus richardi [Anthus novaeseelandiae] 4, Hambao..
Red-throated Pipit, Anthus rubescens 3, Hambao; 1, Aougo Wetland.
American Pipit [Water Pipit], Anathus rubescens [Anthus spinoletta] 3, Hambao; 1, Aougo Wetland.
Gray-chinned Minivet [Yellow-throated Minivet], Pericrocotus solaris fairly common in appropriate habitat; mostly mid-elevation.
Collared Finchbill, Spizixos semitorques 5, Chukuo village, Chiayi County.
Light-vented Bulbul [Chinese Bulbul], Pycnonotus sinensis abundant almost everywhere.
Black Bulbul, Hypsipetes leucocephalus [H. madagascariensis] common in wooded habitats.
FLAMECREST [TAIWAN FIRECREST], Regulus goodfellowi 4, A Li Shan (1, Tataka Recreation area; 3 Chaoping Park).
Alpine Accentor, Prunella collaris 8, Hehuan Shan, Taroko National Park; 3, Tataka Recreation Area, Yushan National Park.
Blue Rock-Thrush, Monticola solitarius 1, Chingjing.
FORMOSAN WHISTLING-THRUSH [Taiwan Whistling-thrush], Myophonus insularis 1, Aowanda.
Scaly Thrush [Whites Ground Thrush], Zoothera dauma [Turdus dauma] 1, Beidongyan Shan
White-browed Shortwing [Blue Shortwing], Brachypteryx montana 1, Blue Gate Trail #2, Meifeng. Heard by all, but seen by 1 person.
CISTICOLAS AND ALLIES
Zitting Cisticola [Fan-tailed Warbler], Cisticola juncidis 6, Huatan; 1, Chukuo.
Yellow-bellied Prinia, Prinia flaviventris fairly common in low wetland habitat.
Plain Prinia [Tawny-flanked Prinia], Prinia inornata [Prinia subflava] fairly common in low wetland habitat.
OLD WORLD WARBLERS
Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler [Verreauxs Bush Warbler], Cettia acanthizoides 6, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 3, A Li Shan.
TAIWAN BUSH-WARBLER, Bradypterus alishanensis 1, Tataka Recreation Area, Yushan National Park, heard only, by 1 Leader.
Dusky Warbler, Phylloscoopus fuscatus 1, Yufeng area.
Oriental Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus orientalis 1, Yenshui River.
Rufous-faced Warbler [White-throated Flycatcher Warbler], Abroscopus albogularis 8, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
OLD WORLD FLYCATCHERS
Snowy-browed Flycatcher [Thicket Flycatcher], Ficedula hyperythra 4, single observer, Blue Gate Trail #1, Meifeng, Nov. 11.
Blue-and-white Flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1, single observer, Huisun Forest Station.
White-browed Bush-Robin, Tarsiger indicus [Erithacus indicus] 1, Hehuan Shan, Nov. 10.
COLLARED BUSH-ROBIN, Tarsiger johnstoniae [Erithacus johnstoniae] 5, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 9, A Li Shan.
Daurian Redstart, Phoenicurus auroreus 3, Huisun Forest Station; 2, Aowanda; 4, Chingching; 1, Hambao; 3, A Li Shan.
Plumbeous Redstart [Plumbeous Water Redstart], Rhyacornis fuliginosus [Phoenicurus fulginosus] 4, Auwanda National Forest Recreation Area.
Black-naped Monarch [Black-naped Blue Monarch], Hypothymis azurea 10, Yufeng area; 1, Chung Pu area.
WHITE-WHISKERED LAUGHINGTHRUSH [TAIWAN LAUGHING THRUSH], Garrulax morrisonianus 1, Hehuan Shan; 8, A Li Shan.
STEERES LIOCICHLA, Liocichla steerii 29, Meifeng area (some in scrubby growth beside our hotel, Chingjing Resort); 17, A Li Shan.
Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler [Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler], Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis [Pomatorhinus erythrogenys] 1 seen when surprised and flushed at Huisun; several others heard only, in mountain habitat.
Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler, Pomatorhinus ruficollis 7, Yufeng area; 1 heard, Huisun.
Pygmy Wren-Babbler, Pnoepyga pusilla 1, heard only at the Couple Trees, Yushan Highway, A Li Shan.
Rufous-capped Babbler [Red-headed Tree Babbler], Stachyris ruficeps 1 seen, Yufeng; 2 seen, A Li Shan; 3 others, heard only.
TAIWAN BARWING, Actinodura morrisoniana 9, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
Streak-throated Fulvetta, Alcippe cinereiceps 9, A Li Shan.
Gray-cheeked Fulvetta, Alcippe morrisonia Fairly common, mid- to high elevation.
WHITE-EARED SIBIA [TAIWAN SIBIA], Heterophasia auricularis many, Meifeng area.
TAIWAN YUHINA, Yuhina brunneiceps many, Blue Gate Trails and A Li Shan.
White-bellied Yuhina, Yuhina zantholeuca 1, Yufeng area; 10 Huisun Forest Station.
Golden Parrotbill [Blythes Parrotbill], Paradoxornis verreauxi [Paradoxornis nipalensis] a rapidly moving feeding flock of at least 60, Tataka Recreation Area, Yushan National Park.
CHICKADEES AND TITS
Black-throated Tit, Aegithalos concinnus 40, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 10, A Li Shan.
Coal Tit, Periparus ater [Parus ater] 5, A Li Shan, at Tataka Recreation Area and Chaoping Park.
Green-backed Tit, Parus monticolus 21, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng; 1, A Li Shan.
YELLOW TIT [TAIWAN TIT], Macholophys holsti [Parus holsti] 4, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
Varied Tit, Sittiparus varius [Parus varius] 2, Huisun Forest Station; 3, A Li Shan.
Eurasian Nuthatch, Sitta europaea 12, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
Plain Flowerpecker, Dicaeum concolor 2, Aowanda.
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Dicaeum ignipectus Several, Huisun, Auwanda, and Blue Gate Trails.
Japanese White-eye, Zosterops japonicus very common everywhere except highest elevation.
OLD WORLD ORIOLES
Maroon Oriole, Oriolus trailii 1, Huisun Forest Station, Leader only.
Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus 1, Yufeng area; 3, Huatan; 2, Chiku area.
Long-tailed Shrike [Black-headed Shrike], Lanius schach 11, lowland habitast.
Black Drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus common at low elevation.
CROWS, JAYS AND MAGPIES.
Eurasian Jay [Jay], Garrulus glandarius 11, Blue Gate Trails, Meifeng.
FORMOSAN MAGPIE [TAIWAN BLUE MAGPIE], Urocissa caerulea 1, Yufeng area; 11, Huisun Forest Station.
Gray Treepie [Himalayan Tree Pie], Dendrocitta formosae 4, Yufeng area; 18, Huisun Forest Station; 2, A Li Shan.
Eurasian Magpie [Magpie], Pica pica 10, Yufeng area; 2, Aougo Wetlands; 5, Chiku area.
Eurasian Nutcracker [Nutcracker}, Nucifraga caryocatactes 5, Auwanda; 1 Blue Gate Trail #1, Meifeng.
Large-billed Crow [Jungle Crow}, Corvus macrorhynchos fairly common at mid- to high elevation.
Crested Myna, Acridotheres cristatellus fairly common in open habitats at low elevation.
White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata 10, Huatan.
Nutmeg Mannikin, Lonchura punctulata common in grassy, scrubby habitats at low elevation.
Yellow Bunting [Japanese Yellow Bunting], Emberiza sulphurata 2, Huatan.
Black-faced Bunting, Emberiza spodocephala 20, Huatan.
SISKINS, CROSSBILLS AND ALLIES
Vinaceous Rosefinch, Carpodacus vinaceus 1, Hehuan Shan; 3, A LI Shan
Oriental Greenfinch, Carduelis sinica 5, Huatan.
Brown Bullfinch, Pyrrhula nipalensis 15, single Observer, Blue Gate Trail, Meifeng.
Eurasian Tree Sparrow [Tree Sparrow], Passer montanus abundant in towns.
Total species: 161 (including 2 escaped Common Myna); 148 seen by two or more participants, 6 heard only, 5 seen by only one participant, 2 observed only by a Leader.
Endemic species: 11 (of 15) seen, plus 1 seen by a Leader only, 1 heard by a Leader only.
Missed: Mikado Pheasant, Styans Bulbul.
OTHER ANIMALS OBSERVED:
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NOTES: 1 Striated and Red-rumped Swallows are very similar in appearance. Red-rumped appears in Taiwan only in migration, whereas Striated is a resident species.
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